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Nixon demands domestic cutbacks By Edwin L. Dale Jr. <C> 1973 NYT News Service WASHINGTON-President Nixon presented Congress yesterday with a budget containing a list of more than 100 cutbacks or outright terminations of government programs and said he could accomplish most of these himself without congressional action or concurence. As previously disclosed, the budget estimated spending B$268.7 billion in the new fiscal year 1974, beginning July 1, with the deficit approximately cut in half to $12.7 Sflion. The latest out lay estimate for the current year, following a number of decisions to hold back congressionally approved spending, was $249.8 billion with a deficit of $24.8 billion. The budget contained a major innovation, apart from its sweeping list of cuts. For the first time the President told Congress in advance what the "safe" outer limit on apending would be a year from now in his next budget for fiscal 1975-$288 billion-and said this figure would swell to $312 billion unless the cuts announced now are carried out. There was even a breakdown by agency and function of probable spending in fiscal 1975-all designed to show the "momentum" of the budget and how decisions made now would affect spending two and one half years in t he future. For fiscal 1974, Nixon said, the budget would have risen to $288 billion but for his cutbacks. The President said the "only responsible alternative" to the reductions he announced would be a tax increase. But he added: "If the recommendations presented in this budget are the chronicle Volume 68, Number 82 Durham, North Carolina Tuesday, January 30,1973 RLC schedules meeting to air living proposals By Fred Klein The Residential Life Committee (RLC) decided .last night to have an open 'meeting for all house presidents or their spokesmen, tentatively , scheduled for Monday, I February 2, for the purpose of hearing proposals for living group re-alignments. I This airing of proposals [.will be conducted by the I residential evaluation -.sub-committee of the RLC, which is chaired by Ray Mayron. According to Mayron, "The sooner these proposals are presented and subsequently studied by the c RLC for presentation to the University, the better their chances will be for approval." Mayron made this statement after having spoken with Robert Krueger, dean of Trinity College. Krueger, according I to Mayron, initially set the date of "the middle of February" as the latest time that the University could consider proposals, and if they deemed them viable, implement them for next year. Deadline While Mayron indicated I that he did not believe that this date will be an absolute ; cutoff point, he stated that Ottoposals submitted to the geommittee after February \12 will stand a much lesser chance of ratification by the : appropriate authorities." The RLC is in the [process of sending I guidelines to all house' ■ presidents to help them I formulate suggestion^ for ■jfeese new "federation or lco -Educational proposals.' IThe committee will be ►interested in knowing how ■Prany persons in each living tsreup actually support the [Proposals that hous ■Presidents eventually KMibmil. In addition, the RLC will inquire as to how many persons ieach group would be willing to move to another house if proposals are implemented by the Uhiversity. According to Richard White, associate professor of botany, "There will not be any clandestine decisions1 made where large amounts of unwilling persons will be forced to move against their will."* Mayron indicated that, "It is the desire of the committee to accomodate as many varied ideas as possible with those affected groups totally involved in all (Continued on page 12) It's a sardine's life for East Campus residents with 9 o'clock classes. Here students choke a bus entrance in the stampede for seats.(Photo by Frank Owen) Will concefrcrte on sensitivity Center starts training By Drew Spears The Durham Crisis and Suicide Center is beginning an intensive 12-week training program for new volunteer telephone counselors on February 7. The training sessions will be held Wednesday evenings from 8 p.m. to 10 p.m. Patricia Guarino, eo-director of the program, said in an interview Friday that prospective volunteers must be willing to take one three or four hour shift per week for one year following completion of training in June. "People who go through the training find it meaningful and interpersonaliy challenging," Guarino said. The training takes place in small groups of eight to ten volunteers, each group under the direction of a psychologist. Sensitivity training According to Guarino, the first three or four group meetings concentrate on sensitivity training. "We feel it's important for .the volunteer to get to know each other so that they can feel free to talk to each other about how to handle the calls," Guarino said. "We try to explore difficult areas, like our feelings about suicide and death," she said. "You can't do this immediately with strangers." "The point of these first sessions is to develop sensitivity—the ability to really listen and to empathize," Guarino said. Role playing In the remaining sessions, volunteers are asked to \' role - p lay"-to play out imaginary phone calls as if they were real. One person acts as. caller, one as counselor The rest of the group watches and comments. followed, and if this disciplined approach to federal spending is firmly adhered to in the years ahead, it will be possible for the. federal government to live within its income for the foreseeable future without a tax increase." Gauntlet Nixon threw down the gauntlet to Congress with these words: "Should the Congress cause the toted budgeted outlays to be exceeded, it would inescapably face the alternative of higher taxes, higher interest rates, renewed inflation, or all three. I oppose these alternatives; with a firm rein on spending, none of them is necessary." Next year's budget deficit will be reduced from this year's level because of the very large increase in estimated tax receipts that a growing economy will produce. The expected rise in receipts of $31 billion compares with a total rise in projected spending of $19 billion. Of this, $4.2 billion is in defense spending, reflecting mainly higher military pay and retirement benefits rather than new procurement of weapons, and defense spending will drop below 30 percent of the total budget for the first time in more than two decades. The defense budget was drawn up before the cease-fire in Vietnam. Defense and budget officals gave conflicting versions of whether the budget assumed the end of active U.S. military participation in the war in fiscal 1974. Under either interpretation, any saving from the cease-fire will be very small in fiscal 1974. The foreign aid portion of the budget, however, contains no funds for the probable future program of aid and reconstruction in both North and South Vietnam, partly because the program has not yet been worked out. Salient The salient feature of the budget-setting the stage for a likely clash with numerous Congressional committees and Congress itself-was the listing of more than 100 programs that will be reduced or abolished. Some of the terminiated programs, such low-interest loans for rural electrification and the "Hill-Burton" program of federal aid for building hospitals, go back a quarter-century or more. The dozen major terminations include the relatively (Continued on page 12) Board okays yearbook funds "We try to give the volunteer some idea of the range of calls we get," Guarino said. "We m u st cope with alcoholics, people on bad drug trips, marital problems, (Continued on page 12) The Fub'icationf Board has approved a $25,000 budget for ne it year's Chanticleer, and it is soliciting ideas on the format for the publication. In the wake of continuing student discontent ever recent yearbooks, board member Dave Nolan's motion said "that the Publications Board have a publication or publications, entitled the Chanticleer, which will reflect student life for the 1973-74 year, which will have a desired budget of $25,000." The motion passed unanimously. Purpose and philosophy The motion resulted from a long discussion over the purpose and philosophy of the Chanticleer which Chaliand to talk on Cabral's life Gerard Chaliand, French writer and historian who has specialized in movements of national liberation and the problems of socialism in "third world" countries, will speak tonight at 8:30 p.m. in 139 Social Sciences. An intimate of Amilcar Cabral, the assassinated leader of the rebel forces in Portuguese Guinea-Bissau, Chliand will speak on "The Significance of Amilcar Cabral and Guinea-Bissau in the Struggle for the Liberation of Africa." Chaliand has travelled extensively in Africa, the Middle-East, Latin America and Southeast Asia and has lectured at colleges across the country, holding a visiting professorship at U.C.L.A. in 1970. His travels have resulted in books on North Vietnamese peasants, the Fedayeen and the guerillas in Guinea-Bissau. lasted several meetings. In view of the discontent with recent Chanticleers, the board is leaving the format of the book flexible. A motion by board member James Applewhite stated' "that the Publications Board advertise that the Publications Board solicits proposals for' the 1973-74 Chanticleer." The motion includes three possible forms for the publication to take: "1) a hard cover permanently- bound journal of the year, published once, 2) a magazine-type publication to appear more than once a year, reflecting a broader range of arts, activities and social patterns, or 3) a journalistic book emphasising photography as an art form." Options considered - The motion also stated "that the board would be willing to consider a number - of options," of which these are only three examples. In other decisions, the board unanimously approved a resolution by member Jim Wilson that the board "back its editors to the fullest extent possible under the terms of tbe contracts that are signed with them." This resolution resulted I from th? feelings of some members that an explicit statement was needed in view of the support, or lack thereof, that the board has (Continued on page 12)
|Title||The Duke Chronicle, vol. 68, no. 82 (Tuesday, January 30, 1973)|
|Series||The Duke Chronicle|
|Subject-Topic||College student newspapers and periodicals--North Carolina--Durham (N.C.)|
|Creator||Chronicle (Durham, N.C.)|
|Source||The Chronicle, University Archives, Duke University.|
|Rights||The materials in this collection are made available for use in research, teaching and private study. Texts and images from this collection may not be used for any commercial purpose without prior permission from Duke University.|
|Digital Collection||The Duke Chronicle|
Nixon demands domestic cutbacks
By Edwin L. Dale Jr.
|Source||The Chronicle, University Archives, Duke University.|