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LBJ succumbs to heart attack <C) 1973 NYT News Service SAN ANTONIO-Lyndon Baines Johnson, 36th President of the United States, died yesterday of an apparent heart attack suffered at his ranch. The 64-year-old Johnson, who had a hisotry of heart trouble, was pronounced dead on arrival at Brooke Army Medical Center here. A longtime aide, Tom Johnson, issued the foUowing. statement at the hospital: 'The former President was stricken at the LBJ Ranch and was flown to Brooke General Hospital in San Antonio, where he was pronounced dead on arrival by Col. George McGranahan. Ms. Johnson was notified and flew to San Antonio where she is now. Fungeral arrangements are incomplete." Death came to Johnson even as the nation still observed"a period of mourning proclaimed for the death less than a month ago of its only other surviving former President, Harry S. Truman. Brooke General Hospital At Fort Sam Houston, where Brooke General Hospital is situated, flags were hoisted to fuU staff and then immediately lowered again for the man who was thrust into the presidency on Nov. 22, 1963, when an assassin's bullet took the life of President John F. Kennedy in Dallas. Irronicaily, Johnson died in what appeared to be the waning days of the war that had transformed him from the man who had, in 1964, won election to a fuU term as President with the greatest voting majority ever accorded a candidate, to the President of a divided nation. Amid rising personal unpopularity, in the face of the lingering war and racial strife at home, Johnson surprised the nation on March 31, 1968 with a television speech in which he announced, "I shall not seek and I will not accept the nomination of my party as your President." Bold new programs A President who undertook bold new programs in civil rights, social security, aid to education, and housing, Johnson had seen his dream of a domestic Great Society go glimmering in the face of a war (Continued on page 2) the chronicle DUKE'S DAILY NEWSPAPER Volume 68, Number 77 Durham, North Carolina Tuesday, January 23, 1973 Supreme Court strikes down state laws prohibiting—women^s right to abortions SE NICLE IFIEDS By Warren Weaver Jr. (C) 1973 NYT News Service WASHINGTON-The Supreme Court overruled yesterday all state laws that prohibit or restrict a woman's right to obtain an abortion during her first three months of pregnancy. The vote was 7 to 2. In a historic resolution of a fiercely controversial issue, the Court drafted an entirely new set of national guidelines that will result in broadly liberalized anti-abortion laws in 46 states but not abolish restrictions altogether. Establishing a detailed timetable for the relative legal rights of pregnant women and the states that would control their acts, the majority specified that: — For the first three months of pregnancy, the decision to have an abortion lies with the woman and her doctor, and the state's interest in her welfare is not f "compelling" enough to warrant any interference. —For the next six months of pregnancy, a state may "regulate the abortion procedure in ways that are reasonably related to maternal health," such as licensing and regulating the persons and facilities involved. —For the last 10 weeks of pregnancy, the period during which the fetus is judged to be capable of surviving if born, any state may, if it wishes, prohibit abortions, except where they may be necessary to preserve the life or health of the mother. The ruling will not affect existing laws in New York, Alaska, Hawaii and Washington, where abortions are now legally available in the early months of pregnancy. But elsewhere in the nation, it will require rewriting of statutes. The basic Texas case decided by the court yesterday will invalidate strict anti-abortion laws in 31 states; a second decision of more liberal statutes in 15 others. Associate Justice Harry A. Blackmum wrote the majority opinion in which Chief Justice Warren E. Burger and Associate Justices William O. Douglas, William J. Brennan Jr., Potter Stewart, Thurgood Marshall and Lewis F. Powell Jr. joined. "A state may properly assert important interests in safeguarding health, in maintaining medical standards and in protecting potential life," Blackmun observed. At some point in pregnancy, these respective interests become sufficiently compelling lo sustain regulation of t'1™ factors lhat govern the abortion decision." E The majority concluded lliat this ."compelling" state ■gwresl arose at the end of the first three months of IPwgnancy because of the "now established medical During this three-month period, the Court said, a doctor can recommend an abortion to his patient "without regulation by the state" and the resulting operation can be conducted "free of interference by the state." The "compelling state interest" in the fetus does not arise, however, until the time of "viability," Blackmun wrote, when it has "the capability of meaningful life outside the mother's womb." This occurs approximately 10 weeks before delivery. Dissenting were Associate Justices Byron R. White and William H. Rehnquist. Calling the decision "an exercise of raw judicial power," White wrote that "the court apparently values the convenience of the pregnant mother more than the continued existence and development of the life or' potential life which she carries." The majority rejected the idea, pressed by opponents of liberalized abortion including the Roman Catholic Church, that a fetus becomes a "person" upon conception and is thus entitled to the due process and equal protection guarantees of the constitution. - Blackmun concluded that "the word 'person', as used in the 14th amendment, does not include the unborn," although states may acquire, "at some point in time" of pregnancy, an interest in the "potential human life" that the fetus represents, to permit regulation. It is that interest, the Court said, that permits states to prohibit abortion during the last 10 weeks of pregnancy, after the fetus had developed the capacity to survive. In its decision on the challenge to the Georgia abortion law, the High Court majority struck down several requirements that a woman seeking to terminate her pregnancy in that state would have to meet. Among them were a fiat prohibition on abortions for out-of-state residents and requirements that hospitals be (Continued on page 10) Black playwright Baraka raps on revolution tonight Had" lhan f ■thai until then, fewer women die from abortions rom normal childbirth. By Drew Spears Imamu Amiri Baraka, black poet and playwright better known as Leroi Jones, will speak at 8:15 p.m. Tuesday in Page Auditorium. Baraka will speak on "Three Objectives of Revolutionary Struggle." His appearance is sponsored by the Major Speakers Committee of the Duke University Union. Educated at Howard and Columbia, Baraka taught briefly at the New School for Social R esearch in New York City. During the early 60's. he was chiefly known as a Greenwich V i llage playwright. His plays. such as "The Toilet," "Dutchman," and "The Slave," explored black figures in conflict with white society. Baraka was arrested during the Newark riots of 1967 but later acquitted on all charges. Since then he has been involved in community action in Newark. He was instrumental in the election of Newark's first black mayor, Kenneth Gibson, in 1970. Most recently, he is fighting to have a low and middle-income apartment tower built in the middle of Newark's North Ward, an Italian neighborhood. Largely because of Baraka. Newark is, according to Newsweek magazine, the first major American city where "the role of the injured minority is being played by whites." Muslim in religious orientation, Baraka is the founder of Spirit House, a black organization which puts on plays in Newark, nationally, and internationally. Baraka is the author of Four Block Revolutionary Plays. The Dead Lecturer, Blues People. and other works. "He is the most important black political and literary figure in America," said Walter Burford, director of the Black Studies Program at Duke.
|Title||The Duke Chronicle, vol. 68, no. 77 (Tuesday, January 23, 1973)|
|Series||The Duke Chronicle|
|Subject-Topic||College student newspapers and periodicals--North Carolina--Durham (N.C.)|
|Creator||Chronicle (Durham, N.C.)|
|Source||The Duke Chronicle, University Archives, Duke University|
|Rights||The materials in this collection are made available for use in research, teaching and private study. Texts and images from this collection may not be used for any commercial purpose without prior permission from Duke University.|
|Digital Collection||The Duke Chronicle|
LBJ succumbs to heart attack
|Source||The Chronicle, University Archives, Duke University.|